Article 2119

Title of the article



Karnishina Natal'ya Gennad'evna, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, sub-department of Russian history, state and law, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail:
Karnishin Valeriy Yur'evich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of Russian history, state and law, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: 

Index UDK





Background. The investigation of methodological concepts to interpretation of conceptual apparatus of conception of informational habitat of society with regard to the history of Russia of the end of XIX – beginning of XX centuries allows to consider national features and historical experience of development of state for carrying out reforms in modern Russian Federation. The aim of investigation is to analyze methodology of study of provincial habitat of Old Russia.
Materials and methods. Investigation is conducted on the base of published and unpublished archive sources, autobiographical literature, materials of print. Formallogical, sociological, comparative-historical methods are used. The investigation of parts of informational habitat of Russia of the end of XIX – beginning of XX centuries out of opportunities of interdisciplinary approach is conducted.
Results. The main aim which is to conduct investigation of methodology of study of informational field of Old Russia is solved in this article. The analysis of all parts of informational field is conducted.
Conclusions. Informational habitat is the set of informational parts and other informational-structure units originated from of official and unofficial sources of information, Newspapers and magazines, church sermons, telegraph and telephone, social rumours are channels through which informational habitat is formed. The necessity of investigation of informational habitat and informational parts is explained. Analysis of parts of characteristic of progress of informational habitat of provincial society allows to model historical reality as objectively as possible. In formational habitat is mechanism which shows specific of development of society and different estates. 

Key words

informational habitat, print, official and unofficial sources of information, church sermons 


 Download PDF


1. D'yachuk I. A. Sotsial'no-gumanitarnye znaniya [Social and humanitarian knowledge]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 288, 300. [In Russian]
2. Ivannikov A. D., Tikhonov A. N., Tsvetkov V. Ya. Osnovy teorii informatsii [Fundamentals of the information theory]. Moscow: MAKS Press, 2007, 355 p. [In Russian]
3. Birkinshaw P. Freedom of Information: the Law, the Practice and the Ideal. 4th ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
4. Birkinshaw P. Administrative Law Review. 2006, vol. 58 (1), pp. 177–218.
5. Terrou F., Solal L. Le droit de l’information: étude comparée des principaux systèmes de réglementation de la presse, de la radio et du film [Information Law: a comparative study of main systems regulating press, radio and cinematography]. Paris: UNESCO, 1951, 440 p.
6. Voyenne B. Le droit à l’information [Information law]. Paris: Aubier-Montaigne, 1970.
7. Shils E. Center and Periphery: Essays in Macrosocoilogy. Chicago, 1981, 334 p.
8. Eisenstadt S. N. The Political Systems of Empires. London; New York: New Brunswick, 1993, 524 p.
9. Ushmaev A. N. Internet kak novaya informatsionnaya sreda istoricheskoy nauki: avtoref. dis. kand. ist. nauk: 07.00.02 [The Internet as a new informational medium of historical science: author’s abstract of dissertation to apply for the degree of the candidate of historical sciences]. Stavropol, 2002, 22 p. [In Russian]
10. Karnishina N. G. Stolitsa i provintsiya v Rossii: upravlenie, kontrol', informatsionnaya sreda: Seredina 50-kh – 80-e gg. XIX veka: avtoref. dis. d-ra ist. nauk: 07.00.02 [The capital and province of Russia: governance, control, informational environment: mid 1850s – 1880s: author’s abstract of dissertation to apply for the degree of the doctor of historical sciences]. Moscow: Izd-vo MGUS, 2001, 39 p. [In Russian]
11. Karnishina N. G. Tsentr i region: istoricheskie modeli vzaimodeystviya [The center and region: historical models of interaction]. Penza: Izd-vo PGU, 2003, 224 p. [In Russian]
12. Karnishina N. G. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Gumanitarnye nauki [University proceedings. Volga region. Humanities]. 2002, no. 3, pp. 5–17. [In Russian]
13. Obshchestvennoe dvizhenie v tsarstvovanie Aleksandra Vtorogo. Istoricheskie ocherki L. Barrive. S gravyurami i foto-tinto [Social movement during the reign of Alexander II. Historical essays of L. Barrive. With engravings and photo-tinto]. Moscow: Obrazovanie, 1911, 109 p. [In Russian]
14. Bezobrazov V. Gosudarstvo i obshchestvo [State and society]. Saint-Petersburg, 1882, 318 p. [In Russian]
15. Tarasov I. T. Politsiya v epokhu reform [Police at the age of reforms]. Moscow, 1885, 217 p. [In Russian]
16. Volzhsko-Kamskoe slovo [Word of Volga-Kama region]. 1881, no. 3. [In Russian]
17. Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy istoricheskiy arkhiv (RGIA) [Russian State Historical Archive (RGIA)]. F. 832. Op. 1. D. 6. L. 8 ob.
18. Modernizatsiya v Rossii i konflikt tsennostey [Modernization in Russia and the conflict of values]. Execut. ed. S. Ya. Matveeva. Moscow, 1994, 367 p. [In Russian] 


Дата создания: 21.06.2019 10:48
Дата обновления: 21.06.2019 11:17